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What changes will automotive industry structures in automotive manufacturers in electric transformation?

Jaguar, Audi, Volvo and Mercedes – Mercedes-Benz announced not only to wear a pure electric vehicle, but also vigorously develop hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Taking modern cars as an example, hydrogen energy consumption 2040 will bring industries and social epoch changes. By 2028, the hydrogen fuel cell will be applied to commercial vehicle product lineup. In the future, all new commercial models, such as large trucks and buses will be released as a hydrogen electric vehicle and electric vehicle.

Toyota, which has been focused on hybrid vehicles, also announced A plan will significantly expand investment in electric vehicles. It announced that it will invest 1.5 trillion yen on the automotive battery in 2030. Among them, 1 trillion yen will be used to increase production capacity to 2 billion kW, which is 33 times the current capacity. This increased more than 10% more than the previous goal. Toyota added that the investment will invest 500 billion yuan for R & D, the goal is to reduce the battery cost of each electric vehicle below half.

In July, the European Commission announced a policy that converted all new cars sold later in 2035 to electric cars or fuel cell vehicles. Audi has announced that it will become an EV brand in 2026. In addition to the E-TRON sports bag, electric vehicles such as sports model E-TRON GT will also be launched. Mercedes-Benz said that as long as the market conditions allow, all models are converted into pure electric vehicles (BEV) by 2030. By 2022, all market segments will have pure electric vehicles, starting from 2025, all automotive architectures will be specially developed for electric vehicles. 10 years later, two of the three major brands in Germany have announced the transition to electric car brands.

[12] Holicit-saving electric, commercial vehicle fuel cellization will be development trend

There are many in 2021 Brand announced to the new energy transformation, Jaguar announced that from 2025 began to become a professional electric car brand, Audi started 2026Transformation is an electric car brand, Volvo, Mercedes-Benz began transformation into electric vehicle brand from 2030. The goal of the general car setting is to convert to electric car brands in 2035, and Ford has only launched a new energy car in the European market in 2030.

In principle, all goals are passenger cars and small cars. Although the policy of commercial vehicles is not clear, or the various manufacturers have different ways, in the long run, the common point is that they all declare with internal combustion engine. The world’s major developed countries have announced carbon neutralization around 2050. To this end, in addition to reducing the power engine using fossil fuel, there is no choice. Considering the extension of the prior art, the passenger car is used to use electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles, and commercial vehicles is reasonable.

For the manufacturer, the production of pure electric vehicles is an important task. It is necessary to turn off the internal combustion engine factory or convert it to an EV-related base, which will also cause a decrease in personnel. This is not only about car production, and partners constituting the automotive industry pyramid must also respond. Some companies are challenging traditional fields such as electrification and safety technology, while others aiming to the unrelated to cars, such as medical and pharmaceuticals. Think about it, BMW starts to make aircraft engine, Toyota starts to make loom. They all saw the development trend of the automotive industry in this year before entering the car market.

[3] The construction of infrastructure is changing

In the transition of the manufacturer to the electric vehicle, over time The new car with an internal combustion engine will no longer be optimistic, so everyone may become an electric car or fuel cell car owner. By then, the biggest concern may be an infrastructure. Therefore, while the manufacturers promote electric vehicles, the government and local governments need to speed up infrastructure maintenance.

The Korean Automotive Industry Association also announced a joint statement on carbonaceous and challenges involved in 2050 carbon neutrics. In the short term, it is determined to construct carbon neutralization based on the efficient and hybrid power of the internal combustion locomotive. Medium and long term, decided to pass electric vehicles and hydrogenIt can automotive and simultaneously apply carbon neutral fuel, and strive to achieve carbon neutralization.

However, the industry requires the government to develop a strategy to maintain production and employment based on future car transitions in the automotive industry. Policy tasks include: reducing automotive prices through R & D and subsidies, establish financial and guarantee plans, reducing production costs, improving labor relations, etc. through investment incentives; recommending strategic development, etc.

In overseas, the infrastructure promotion method of California is unique. First, half of the hydrogenation station installation cost is borne by public funds. Although FCEV is rapidly popular, users still have little, low profitability, in the infancy. However, half of the subsidy is the basis for encouraging private enterprises.

California is also introducing a credit system. When the hydrogen station operator sells hydrogen or selling electricity by charging facility, the integral will be granted. At the same time, the gas station operator must purchase credit to sell gasoline and transactions through the credit market. In other words, it is a structure that is circulating between private carriers. Infrastructure is building two ways: public funding and promoting transactions between private operators.

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